What does bunion pain feel like?

Wearing the wrong size of shoes could definitely lead to foot discomfort and possible sores. Too much walking using the wrong footwear definitely makes things worse. However, what if you are already wearing the right fit shoes yet having problems with walking or some kind of inflammation of the feet? Finding a doctor would be the wise way to understand what is going on to get advice. In this article we will be talking about bunions and how the pain feels like.

            Bunions are a common foot problem characterised by a deformity of the foot from the bony bump on the side of the foot specifically due to the base joint of the big toe. Another name for bunion is a hallux valgus as it is often associated with the big toe bending toward the other smaller toes. Bunion typically develops in adults but also possible in children although rarely.

       Causes of bunion remain unclear but it has been theorised due to both inheritance and lifestyle. Inheritance or hereditary factors lead to the weak joint and yet no specific gene has been pinpointed to be responsible for such a condition. There is higher risk for a person to develop bunion if the first-degree relatives like parents and siblings have been affected by the bunion. Lifestyle factors of those wearing poorly fitted shoes, tight shoes or high heels can easily contribute to bunion, especially those prone to bunion due to inheritance or other underlying joint problems such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. This also explains why women are likely to be affected by bunion as their footwear is much easier to develop and aggravate this foot disorder.

            How does it feel to have a bunion? Firstly, it is painful. Secondly, a person with bunion will experience stiffness of the big toe joint or numbness. Other symptoms include inflammation signs of redness and swelling of the big toe joint, difficulty walking or hardened skin below the foot. Symptoms always occur when a person wears bad shoes that crowd the toes and when they are wearing such footwear for a long time.

            Bunions are usually treatable without surgery and often go away as time goes by. Bunions that do not pose pain should not need any treatment at all and only observation is needed. There are things a person can do to help alleviate the pain:

1-  Take painkillers such as paracetamol or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to help ease the pain and inflammation sign.

2-  You can ask a healthcare professional to provide you with other medicine such as corticosteroids injections if over-the-counter (OTC) drugs do not work.

3-  Place cold ice packs multiple times a day up to 5 minutes at a time.

4-  Get yourself a bunion pads from the pharmacy before wearing any footwear to help avoid the shoes surfaces from pressuring to the painful bunion.

5-  Avoid activity that could aggravate the bunion pain such as avoiding long standing

6-  Invest in good and comfortable shoe wear. Avoid wearing shoes with pointed toes design or high heels. Best to wear wide toe box designed shoes.

7-  Losing weight can be helpful if you are overweight or obesity as weight has been said to further affect the bunion pain.

8-  You can ask healthcare professionals or pharmacists for orthotics or devices that help prevent bunions from putting pressure on the bunion such as shoe insoles, toe spacers or splints.

       If all such measures have been taken and symptoms do not improve or get worse to the extent of disrupting daily activities, you may be offered to get surgery since it is the only way to totally eliminate the bunions. Surgery may not return the normal foot shape but it has been shown to improve the symptoms.

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