A stem cell transplant is another name for a bone marrow transplant. A bone marrow transplant is a surgery that supplies your body with healthy blood-forming stem cells to treat damaged or diseased bone marrow. This surgery helps to treat some forms of cancer. So, if you have leukemia, multiple myeloma, or some types of lymphoma, for example, the doctor often recommends a transplant. Doctors can also use stem cell transplants to treat several blood diseases.
Cells from your own body (autologous transplant) or a donor can be used in bone marrow transplants (allogeneic transplant). Previously, a stem cell transplant was known as a bone marrow transplant since the stem cells came from bone marrow. Nowadays, stem cells come from the blood rather than bone marrow. As a result, the technique is now more commonly referred to as a stem cell transplant.
Bone Marrow Transplant Types
A bone marrow transplant process has three kinds:
- Autologous bone marrow transplant: An autologous bone marrow transplant requires your own stem cells.
- Allogeneic bone marrow transplant: On the other hand, an Allogeneic bone marrow transplant uses bone cells from a genetic match donor.
- Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: This transplant includes the intravenous administration of autologous or allogeneic stem cells to patients to treat hematopoietic function.
The Bone Marrow Transplant Procedure in India
Before the transplant:
The transplant team will inject medication to you or your donor to move blood-forming stem cells from your bone marrow to your bloodstream before collecting the blood.
Afterward, the doctor collects the stem cells from a patient and the donor, separating them from the bloodstream and freezing them.
The next step is the conditioning treatment. It involves low or high doses of radiation therapy or chemotherapy to destroy the cells and replace them with healthier ones.
During the transplant
The infusion process starts with you sitting in a chair and the infusion going through a surgical line attached to your neck.
Also, the doctor will check you for any changes in your temperature or blood pressure and if you get a fever.
A headache, nausea, and shortness of breath may be some of the side effects you have when you take medicine.
After the transplant
In two to four weeks after the transplant, your stem cells will start moving into your bone marrow. In fact, this is when they will also start making white blood cells and platelets. They also start making red blood cells next.
If the stem cells come from a donor, you will need to take antibiotics and medicines. Also, these will help your body accept them. You may also need red blood cells, platelets, and food to give you.
A month in the hospital may be all you need to get your immune system back to work. It’s important to stay away from germs.
Because your blood and bone marrow needs the doctor’s attention, you must go to the outpatient section.
Care and support
Keep an eye on how the patients are getting better after they have a bone marrow transplant. Patients may need:
- Blood transfusions are used to raise the number of blood cells.
- A lower immune system will help prevent GVHD.
- Drugs to help with side effects
- Lab tests Medicine to fight infections
Top Hospitals in India offering Bone Marrow Transplant
- Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
- Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
- Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata
- Manipal Hospital (Old Airport Road) Bangalore
- Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills Hyderabad
- Fortis Hospital, Bangalore (Bannerghatta Road)
- Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai
- The Medicity, Gurgaon
- Apollo Hospitals, Mumbai
- Fortis Hospital, Noida
- Apollo Hospital (Bannerghatta Road) Bangalore
- MIOT International, Chennai, and more.
Success Rate of Bone Marrow Transplant in India
After getting a bone marrow transplant in India, life expectancy has gone up a lot. Also, this rise in success rates is due to better genetic matching, a robust antibiotic regimen after the transplant, and better post-op care.
In general, patients who had allogeneic transplants for non-cancerous conditions had a success rate of 70 to 90% with a related donor and 36 to 66% with an unrelated donor.
Ewing sarcoma, Wilms tumor, germ cell tumor, and neuroblastoma are just some of the conditions where autologous bone marrow transplants have shown to be very effective, though. However, there hasn’t been a big change in the survival rate of people who have BMT for things like childhood cancers.
Undoubtedly, getting bone marrow treatment in India is beneficial in many ways. India has everything a patient needs, from top-notch hospitals, the latest technologies to highly trained doctors and affordable packages.
So, if you are looking for the best hospital and bone marrow treatment cost in India, get the exact information at Lyfboat. At Lyfboat, you can get details on the best hospital for your treatment, information about doctors, packages, and a lot more. Visit the website today and book your live consultation with experts. To read more about our health blogs, please visit our website.